Brevo

Anymail integrates with the Brevo email service (formerly Sendinblue), using their API v3. Brevo’s transactional API does not support some basic email features, such as inline images. Be sure to review the limitations below.

Changed in version 10.3: SendinBlue rebranded as Brevo in May, 2023. Anymail 10.3 uses the new name throughout its code; earlier versions used the old name. Code that refers to “SendinBlue” should continue to work, but is now deprecated. See Updating code from SendinBlue to Brevo for details.

Important

Troubleshooting: If your Brevo messages aren’t being delivered as expected, be sure to look for events in your Brevo logs.

Brevo detects certain types of errors only after the send API call reports the message as “queued.” These errors appear in the logging dashboard.

Settings

EMAIL_BACKEND

To use Anymail’s Brevo backend, set:

EMAIL_BACKEND = "anymail.backends.brevo.EmailBackend"

in your settings.py.

BREVO_API_KEY

The API key can be retrieved from your Brevo SMTP & API settings on the “API Keys” tab (don’t try to use an SMTP key). Required.

Make sure the version column indicates “v3.” (v2 keys don’t work with Anymail. If you don’t see a v3 key listed, use “Create a New API Key”.)

ANYMAIL = {
    ...
    "BREVO_API_KEY": "<your v3 API key>",
}

Anymail will also look for BREVO_API_KEY at the root of the settings file if neither ANYMAIL["BREVO_API_KEY"] nor ANYMAIL_BREVO_API_KEY is set.

BREVO_API_URL

The base url for calling the Brevo API.

The default is BREVO_API_URL = "https://api.brevo.com/v3/" (It’s unlikely you would need to change this.)

Changed in version 10.1: Earlier Anymail releases used https://api.sendinblue.com/v3/.

esp_extra support

To use Brevo features not directly supported by Anymail, you can set a message’s esp_extra to a dict that will be merged into the json sent to Brevo’s smtp/email API.

For example, you could set Brevo’s batchId for use with their batched scheduled sending:

message.esp_extra = {
    'batchId': '275d3289-d5cb-4768-9460-a990054b6c81',  # merged into send params
}

(You can also set "esp_extra" in Anymail’s global send defaults to apply it to all messages.)

Limitations and quirks

Brevo’s v3 API has several limitations. In most cases below, Anymail will raise an AnymailUnsupportedFeature error if you try to send a message using missing features. You can override this by enabling the ANYMAIL_IGNORE_UNSUPPORTED_FEATURES setting, and Anymail will try to limit the API request to features Brevo can handle.

HTML body required

Brevo’s API returns an error if you attempt to send a message with only a plain-text body. Be sure to include HTML content for your messages if you are not using a template.

(Brevo does allow HTML without a plain-text body. This is generally not recommended, though, as some email systems treat HTML-only content as a spam signal.)

Inline images

Brevo’s v3 API doesn’t support inline images, at all. (Confirmed with Brevo support Feb 2018.)

If you are ignoring unsupported features, Anymail will try to send inline images as ordinary image attachments.

Attachment names must be filenames with recognized extensions

Brevo determines attachment content type by assuming the attachment’s name is a filename, and examining that filename’s extension (e.g., “.jpg”).

Trying to send an attachment without a name, or where the name does not end in a supported filename extension, will result in a Brevo API error. Anymail has no way to communicate an attachment’s desired content-type to the Brevo API if the name is not set correctly.

Single Reply-To

Brevo’s v3 API only supports a single Reply-To address.

If you are ignoring unsupported features and have multiple reply addresses, Anymail will use only the first one.

Metadata exposed in message headers

Anymail passes metadata to Brevo as a JSON-encoded string using their X-Mailin-custom email header. This header is included in the sent message, so metadata will be visible to message recipients if they view the raw message source.

Special headers

Brevo uses special email headers to control certain features. You can set these using Django’s EmailMessage.headers:

message = EmailMessage(
    ...,
    headers = {
        "sender.ip": "10.10.1.150",  # use a dedicated IP
        "idempotencyKey": "...uuid...",  # batch send deduplication
    }
)

# Note the constructor param is called `headers`, but the
# corresponding attribute is named `extra_headers`:
message.extra_headers = {
    "sender.ip": "10.10.1.222",
    "idempotencyKey": "...uuid...",
}
Delayed sending

New in version 9.0: Earlier versions of Anymail did not support send_at with Brevo.

No click-tracking or open-tracking options

Brevo does not provide a way to control open or click tracking for individual messages. Anymail’s track_clicks and track_opens settings are unsupported.

No envelope sender overrides

Brevo does not support overriding envelope_sender on individual messages.

Batch sending/merge and ESP templates

Changed in version 10.3: Added support for batch sending with merge_data and merge_metadata.

Brevo supports ESP stored templates and batch sending with per-recipient merge data.

To use a Brevo template, set the message’s template_id to the numeric Brevo template ID, and supply substitution params using Anymail’s normalized merge_data and merge_global_data message attributes:

message = EmailMessage(
    # (subject and body come from the template, so don't include those)
    to=["[email protected]", "Bob <[email protected]>"]
)
message.template_id = 3   # use this Brevo template
message.from_email = None  # to use the template's default sender
message.merge_data = {
    '[email protected]': {'name': "Alice", 'order_no': "12345"},
    '[email protected]': {'name': "Bob", 'order_no': "54321"},
}
message.merge_global_data = {
    'ship_date': "May 15",
}

Within your Brevo template body and subject, you can refer to merge variables using Django-like template syntax, like {{ params.order_no }} or {{ params.ship_date }} for the example above. See Brevo’s guide to the Brevo Template Language.

The message’s from_email (which defaults to your DEFAULT_FROM_EMAIL setting) will override the template’s default sender. If you want to use the template’s sender, be sure to set from_email to None after creating the message, as shown in the example above.

You can also override the template’s subject and reply-to address (but not body) using standard EmailMessage attributes.

Brevo also supports batch-sending without using an ESP-stored template. In this case, each recipient will receive the same content (Brevo doesn’t support inline templates) but will see only their own To email address. Setting either of merge_data or merge_metadata—even to an empty dict—will cause Anymail to use Brevo’s batch send option ("messageVersions").

You can use Anymail’s merge_metadata to supply custom tracking data for each recipient:

message = EmailMessage(
    to=["[email protected]", "Bob <[email protected]>"],
    from_email="...", subject="...", body="..."
)
message.merge_metadata = {
    '[email protected]': {'user_id': "12345"},
    '[email protected]': {'user_id': "54321"},
}

To use Brevo’s “idempotencyKey” with a batch send, set it in the message’s headers: message.extra_headers = {"idempotencyKey": "...uuid..."}.

Caution

“Old template language” not supported

Brevo once supported two different template styles: a “new” template language that uses Django-like template syntax (with {{ param.NAME }} substitutions), and an “old” template language that used percent-delimited %NAME% substitutions.

Anymail 7.0 and later work only with new style templates, now known as the “Brevo Template Language.”

Although unconverted old templates may appear to work with Anymail, there can be subtle bugs. In particular, reply_to overrides and recipient display names are silently ignored when old style templates are sent with Anymail 7.0 or later. If you still have old style templates, follow Brevo’s instructions to convert each old template to the new language.

Changed in version 7.0: Dropped support for Sendinblue old template language

Status tracking webhooks

If you are using Anymail’s normalized status tracking, add the url at Brevo’s site under Transactional > Email > Settings > Webhook.

The “URL to call” is:

https://random:random@yoursite.example.com/anymail/brevo/tracking/

Be sure to select the checkboxes for all the event types you want to receive. (Also make sure you are in the “Transactional” section of their site; Brevo has a separate set of “Campaign” webhooks, which don’t apply to messages sent through Anymail.)

If you are interested in tracking opens, note that Brevo has both “First opening” and an “Known open” event types. The latter seems to be generated only for the second and subsequent opens. Anymail normalizes both types to “opened.” To track unique opens enable only “First opening,” or to track all message opens enable both. (Brevo used to deliver both events for the first open, so be sure to check their current behavior if duplicate first open events might cause problems for you. You might be able to use the event timestamp to de-dupe.)

Brevo will report these Anymail event_types: queued, rejected, bounced, deferred, delivered, opened (see note above), clicked, complained, unsubscribed, subscribed (though this should never occur for transactional email).

For events that occur in rapid succession, Brevo frequently delivers them out of order. For example, it’s not uncommon to receive a “delivered” event before the corresponding “queued.”

The event’s esp_event field will be a dict of raw webhook data received from Brevo.

Changed in version 10.3: Older Anymail versions used a tracking webhook URL containing “sendinblue” rather than “brevo”. The old URL will still work, but is deprecated. See Updating code from SendinBlue to Brevo below.

Inbound webhook

New in version 10.1.

If you want to receive email from Brevo through Anymail’s normalized inbound handling, follow Brevo’s Inbound parsing webhooks guide to enable inbound service and add Anymail’s inbound webhook.

At the “Creating the webhook” step, set the "url" param to:

https://random:random@yoursite.example.com/anymail/brevo/inbound/

Brevo does not currently seem to have a dashboard for managing or monitoring inbound service. However, you can run API calls directly from their documentation by entering your API key in “Header” field above the example, and then clicking “Try It!”. The webhooks management APIs and inbound events list API can be helpful for diagnosing inbound issues.

Changed in version 10.3: Older Anymail versions used an inbound webhook URL containing “sendinblue” rather than “brevo”. The old URL will still work, but is deprecated. See Updating code from SendinBlue to Brevo below.

Updating code from SendinBlue to Brevo

SendinBlue rebranded as Brevo in May, 2023. Anymail 10.3 has switched to the new name.

If your code refers to the old “sendinblue” name (in EMAIL_BACKEND and ANYMAIL settings, esp_name checks, or elsewhere) you should update it to use “brevo” instead. If you are using Anymail’s tracking or inbound webhooks, you should also update the webhook URLs you’ve configured at Brevo.

For compatibility, code and URLs using the old name are still functional in Anymail. But they will generate deprecation warnings, and may be removed in a future release.

To update your code:

  1. In your settings.py, update the EMAIL_BACKEND and rename any "SENDINBLUE_..." settings to "BREVO_...":

    - EMAIL_BACKEND = "anymail.backends.sendinblue.EmailBackend"  # old
    + EMAIL_BACKEND = "anymail.backends.brevo.EmailBackend"       # new
    
      ANYMAIL = {
          ...
    -     "SENDINBLUE_API_KEY": "<your v3 API key>",  # old
    +     "BREVO_API_KEY": "<your v3 API key>",       # new
          # (Also change "SENDINBLUE_API_URL" to "BREVO_API_URL" if present)
    
          # If you are using Brevo-specific global send defaults, change:
    -     "SENDINBLUE_SEND_DEFAULTS" = {...},  # old
    +     "BREVO_SEND_DEFAULTS" = {...},       # new
      }
    
  2. If you are using Anymail’s status tracking webhook, go to Brevo’s dashboard (under Transactional > Email > Settings > Webhook), and change the end of the URL from .../anymail/sendinblue/tracking/ to .../anymail/brevo/tracking/. (Or use the code below to automate this.)

    In your tracking signal receiver function, if you are examining the esp_name parameter, the name will change once you have updated the webhook URL. If you had been checking whether esp_name == "SendinBlue", change that to check if esp_name == "Brevo".

  3. If you are using Anymail’s inbound handling, update the inbound webhook URL to change .../anymail/sendinblue/inbound/ to .../anymail/brevo/inbound/. You will need to use Brevo’s webhooks API to make the change—see below.

    In your inbound signal receiver function, if you are examining the esp_name parameter, the name will change once you have updated the webhook URL. If you had been checking whether esp_name == "SendinBlue", change that to check if esp_name == "Brevo".

That should be everything, but to double check you may want to search your code for any remaining references to “sendinblue” (case-insensitive). (E.g., grep -r -i sendinblue.)

To update both the tracking and inbound webhook URLs using Brevo’s webhooks API, you could run something like this Python code:

# Update Brevo webhook URLs to replace "anymail/sendinblue" with "anymail/brevo".
import requests
BREVO_API_KEY = "<your API key>"

headers = {
    "accept": "application/json",
    "api-key": BREVO_API_KEY,
}

response = requests.get("https://api.brevo.com/v3/webhooks", headers=headers)
response.raise_for_status()
webhooks = response.json()

for webhook in webhooks:
    if "anymail/sendinblue" in webhook["url"]:
        response = requests.put(
            f"https://api.brevo.com/v3/webhooks/{webhook['id']}",
            headers=headers,
            json={
                "url": webhook["url"].replace("anymail/sendinblue", "anymail/brevo")
            }
        )
        response.raise_for_status()